Acidic Versus Alkaline Bacterial Degradation of Lignin Through Engineered Strain E. coli BL21(Lacc): Exploring the Differences in Chemical Structure, Morphology, and Degradation Products

Acidic Versus Alkaline Bacterial Degradation of Lignin Through Engineered Strain E. coli BL21(Lacc): Exploring the Differences in Chemical Structure, Morphology, and Degradation Products

There is increasing interest in research on biodegradation of lignin compounds as potential building blocks in applications related to renewable products. More attention is needed to evaluate the impact of the initial pH conditions for bacterial degradation of lignin. In this study, we conducted experiments on biodegradation of lignin in acidic and mild alkaline conditions. Biodegradation acid, lignin is chemically pretreated with hydrogen peroxide. alkaline biodegradation achieved by developing the growth of bacteria on Luria and Bertani medium with alkali lignin as the sole carbon source.

Mutant strains of Escherichia coli BL21 (Lacc) is used to carry out the biodegradation of lignin during 10 days of incubation. The results show that under acidic conditions the dominance of aliphatic compounds from C3-C4 species. Alkaline biodegradation produced in the context of oxidative stress, with a larger number of aryl compounds. The final pH value of acid and alkaline biodegradation of lignin were 2.53 and 7.90, respectively. The results of gas chromatography mass spectrometry analysis detected compounds such as crotonic acid, lactic acid and 3-hydroxybutanoic acid for acid conditions, with potential applications for adhesives and polymer precursors.

In alkaline conditions, the compounds detected include 2-phenylethanol and dehydroabietic acid, with potential applications for fragrances and tumor / anti-anti-inflammatory drugs. Size-exclusion chromatography analysis showed that the average molecular weight of alkali lignin biodegradation increased 6.75-fold compared with the acid method, resulting in repolymerization of the molecular structure. Lignin repolymerization coincided with an increase in relative abundance and alcohol isovanillyl dehydroabietic acid, of 2.70 and 3.96% on the day zero to 13.43 and 10.26% on the 10th day.

The results of Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy to detect the presence of C = O bonds and OH functional groups associated with the carboxylic acid in acid method. In the alkaline method is no greater preponderance of signals associated with the aromatic framework structure, the amine functional group and a C – O – bonds. Lignin biodegradation product of E. coli BL21 (laccase), under the condition of different initial pH, shows promising potential to enlarge the spectrum of renewable products for biorefinery activities.

 Acidic Versus Alkaline Bacterial Degradation of Lignin Through Engineered Strain E. coli BL21(Lacc): Exploring the Differences in Chemical Structure, Morphology, and Degradation Products
Acidic Versus Alkaline Bacterial Degradation of Lignin Through Engineered Strain E. coli BL21(Lacc): Exploring the Differences in Chemical Structure, Morphology, and Degradation Products

Evaluating the Effect of azole antifungal agents on Stress Response and nano Surface properties anthropi Ochrobactrum Aspcl2.2

Azole antifungal molecules are widely used as active ingredients in various products, such as pharmaceuticals and pesticides. This prompted their release into the natural environment. The detailed mechanism of their effect on natural ecosystems biotic components remain unexplored. Our research aims to test the response of Ochrobactrum anthropi AspCl2.2 with the presence of four azole antifungal agents (clotrimazole, fluconazole, climbazole, epoxiconazole).

Experiments conducted on the analysis of cell metabolic activity, cell membrane permeability, the level of total glutathione and glutathione S-transferase activity. This study allows for the evaluation of the oxidative stress response of cells to the presence of azole antifungals. In addition, changes in the surface properties of nanomaterials, including adhesive and elastic features of the cells, were investigated using atomic force microscopy (AFM) and spectrophotometric methods.

pGB Caspase-1 siRNA Vector
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pGB Caspase-8 siRNA Vector
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pGB Caspase-8 siRNA Vector
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siRNA Cloning Vector (pGB)
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Control siRNA Vector (pGB-control)
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Description: Caspase 9 Antibody detects endogenous levels of total Caspase 9.
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Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Purified Polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Purified Polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Purified Polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
Caspase 9 antibody
70R-33457 100 ug
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Purified recombinant Human Caspase 9 protein
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Description: Purified recombinant Human Caspase 9 protein
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EUR 673
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 673
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 781
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 281
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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6670-100
EUR 338
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EUR 146
Caspase 9 antibody
70R-11806 100 ug
EUR 403
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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70R-13511 100 ul
EUR 457
Description: Affinity purified Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 322
Description: Affinity purified Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 418
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody
anti-Caspase 9
YF-PA23361 50 ul
EUR 334
Description: Mouse polyclonal to Caspase 9
Caspase 9 Blocking Peptide
AF6348-BP 1mg
EUR 195
Polyclonal Caspase-9 Antibody
APR00030G 0.1mg
EUR 484
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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APG02419G 0.1ml
EUR 484
Description: A polyclonal antibody raised in Rabbit that recognizes and binds to Human Caspase-9 . This antibody is tested and proven to work in the following applications:
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EUR 484
Description: A Monoclonal antibody against Human Caspase-9. The antibodies are raised in Mouse. This antibody is applicable in WB
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anti- Caspase 9 antibody
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EUR 505.25
  • Recommended dilution: WB: 1:200-1:1000
  • IP: 1:200-1:1000
  • IHC: 1:50-1:200
  • IF: 1:10-1:100
  • Immunogen: caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase
  • Uniprot ID: P55211
  • Gene ID: 842
  • Research Area: Metabolism
Description: Antibody raised against Caspase 9
anti- Caspase 9 antibody
FNab01296 100µg
EUR 505.25
  • Recommended dilution: WB: 1:200 - 1:500
  • IHC: 1:50 - 1:200
  • IF: 1:50 - 1:100
  • Immunogen: caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase
  • Uniprot ID: P55211
  • Gene ID: 842
  • Research Area: Metabolism
Description: Antibody raised against Caspase 9
anti- Caspase 9 antibody
FNab01297 100µg
EUR 548.75
  • Recommended dilution: WB: 1:500-1:2000
  • IP: 1:500-1:1000
  • IHC: 1:100-1:400
  • IF: 1:50-1:500
  • Immunogen: caspase 9, apoptosis-related cysteine peptidase
  • Uniprot ID: P55211
  • Gene ID: 842
  • Research Area: Metabolism
Description: Antibody raised against Caspase 9
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ES1858-100ul 100ul
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Mouse/Rat. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Monkey. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Monkey. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, WB, ELISA
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ES7743-100ul 100ul
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Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Monkey. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ES7743-50ul 50ul
EUR 207
Description: A Rabbit Polyclonal antibody against Caspase-9 from Human/Monkey. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IHC, IF, WB, ELISA
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EM1077-100ul 100ul
EUR 279
Description: A Mouse Monoclonal antibody against Caspase 9 from Human/ Rat/ Mouse. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IP, IF
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EUR 207
Description: A Mouse Monoclonal antibody against Caspase 9 from Human/ Rat/ Mouse. This antibody is tested and validated for WB, ELISA, IP, IF
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
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Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
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EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
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EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
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ABP56744-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of Y153
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
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  • 100 ug
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx100472
  • EUR 411.00
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  • EUR 1135.00
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  • 100 ug
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx100473
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  • 100 ug
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  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-7 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
abx033801-400ul 400 ul
EUR 523
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Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
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EUR 286
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EUR 286
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Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50859-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50859-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50859-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of T125
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50860-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50860-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50860-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human, Monkey. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S144
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50861-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50861-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
Caspase-9 Polyclonal Antibody
ABP50861-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
  • Applications tips:
Description: A polyclonal antibody for detection of Caspase-9 from Human. This Caspase-9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, ELISA. It is affinity-purified from rabbit antiserum by affinity-chromatography using epitope-specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in rabbit by using as an immunogen synthesized peptide derived from human Caspase-9 around the non-phosphorylation site of S196
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx009495
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx009496
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (pT125) Antibody
abx012082-100ug 100 ug
EUR 439
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx007563
  • EUR 300.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • EUR 189.00
  • 100 ul
  • 200 ul
  • 30 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (pS196) Antibody
abx031837-400ul 400 ul
EUR 523
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (pS196) Antibody
abx031837-80l 80 µl
EUR 286
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 Monoclonal Antibody
ABM40077-003ml 0.03ml
EUR 158
  • Immunogen information: Synthetic Peptide
  • Applications tips:
Description: A monoclonal antibody for detection of Caspase 9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase 9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, IP. It is affinity-purified from mouse ascites by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in mouse by using as an immunogen synthetic peptide
Caspase 9 Monoclonal Antibody
ABM40077-01ml 0.1ml
EUR 289
  • Immunogen information: Synthetic Peptide
  • Applications tips:
Description: A monoclonal antibody for detection of Caspase 9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase 9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, IP. It is affinity-purified from mouse ascites by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in mouse by using as an immunogen synthetic peptide
Caspase 9 Monoclonal Antibody
ABM40077-02ml 0.2ml
EUR 414
  • Immunogen information: Synthetic Peptide
  • Applications tips:
Description: A monoclonal antibody for detection of Caspase 9 from Human, Mouse, Rat. This Caspase 9 antibody is for WB, IHC-P, IF, IP. It is affinity-purified from mouse ascites by affinity-chromatography using the specific immunogenand is unconjugated. The antibody is produced in mouse by using as an immunogen synthetic peptide
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx175721
  • EUR 1135.00
  • EUR 551.00
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • Please enquire.
Caspase 9 Assay Kit
20-abx299021
  • EUR 1302.00
  • EUR 582.00
  • 100 tests
  • 25 tests
  • Shipped within 1 week.
Caspase 9 Assay Kit
20-abx299035
  • EUR 1302.00
  • EUR 582.00
  • 100 tests
  • 25 tests
  • Shipped within 1 week.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx324591
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx324794
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx324822
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx325040
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx325109
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx329576
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx330233
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 244.00
  • 100 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
abx330458-100ul 100 ul
EUR 425
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx211450
  • EUR 411.00
  • EUR 300.00
  • 100 ul
  • 50 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx212408
  • EUR 411.00
  • EUR 300.00
  • 100 ul
  • 50 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx213116
  • EUR 411.00
  • EUR 300.00
  • 100 ul
  • 50 ul
  • Shipped within 5-10 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
abx231295-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
abx231296-100ug 100 ug
EUR 481
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
abx231297-100ug 100 ug
EUR 509
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx171616
  • EUR 314.00
  • EUR 787.00
  • EUR 411.00
  • EUR 154.00
  • EUR 258.00
  • 100 ug
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • 20 ug
  • 50 ug
  • Shipped within 5-12 working days.
Caspase 9 (CASP9) Antibody
20-abx171617
  • EUR 843.00
  • EUR 439.00
  • 1 mg
  • 200 ug
  • Please enquire.
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0019-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0019-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0019-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0019-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0281-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0281-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0281-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A0281-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223
Caspase-9 Mouse mAb
A10097-100ul 100 ul
EUR 384
Caspase-9 Mouse mAb
A10097-200ul 200 ul
EUR 554
Caspase-9 Mouse mAb
A10097-20ul 20 ul Ask for price
Caspase-9 Mouse mAb
A10097-50ul 50 ul
EUR 265
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A11451-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A11451-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A11451-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A11451-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223
Caspase 9 antibody (Tyr153)
70R-33456 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody (Tyr153)
Caspase 9 antibody (Ser144)
70R-33458 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody (Ser144)
Caspase 9 antibody (Ser196)
70R-33460 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody (Ser196)
Caspase 9 antibody (Thr125)
70R-30658 100 ug
EUR 327
Description: Rabbit polyclonal Caspase 9 antibody (Thr125)
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A2636-100ul 100 ul
EUR 308
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A2636-200ul 200 ul
EUR 459
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A2636-20ul 20 ul
EUR 183
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A2636-50ul 50 ul
EUR 223
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A7523-100ul 100 ul
EUR 384
Caspase-9 Rabbit pAb
A7523-200ul 200 ul Ask for price

The results indicate that oxidative stress promotes bacterial azoles. The strongest difference recorded for cells cultivated with fluconazole. The most toxic effects have been associated with climbazole.

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